Both sets of scholars examine the general ways in which GSMs organize members, aggregate interests, and distribute power and resources. further their emancipatory projects. that seek to raise ecological and social expectations are likely to be increasingly challenged by those that seek to simply uphold current standards. This article examines one effort to lift the veil obscuring the relations and processes of commodity production. Global civil society, social regulation, and national impacts, Regulating sustainability in the coffee sector: A comparative analysis of third-party environmental and social certification initiatives, Constructing World Culture: International Nongovernmental Organizations since 1875, The emergence of private authority in the international system, Fair Trade in the agriculture and food sector, Fair Trade: The challenges of transforming globalization, The World Social Forum and the Challenges of Global Democracy, Resource mobilization theory and the study of social movements, Towards a political economy of agency in contemporary international relations, Reimagining Political Community: Studies in Cosmopolitan Democracy, The Third Force: The Rise of Transnational Civil Society, The Institutional Order: Economy, Kinship, Religion, Polity, Law, and Education in Evolutionary and Comparative Perspective, Removing the Veil? Mexican coffee growers have been negatively affected by low world coffee prices coupled with reduced government support. and contrasting their governance structures, environmental and social standards, and market positions. SCHOFER EVAN BOLI JOHN. In other words, people view the commodity only in terms of the characteristics of the final product while the process through which it was created remains obscured and, therefore, unconsidered. Defending the idea of a global civil society, Keane stresses the need for new democratic ways of living and demonstrates how it is linked with such developments as turbocapitalism, social movements and the political institutions of “cosmocracy.” Keane's provocative reflections in Global Civil Society? Second, we question the assumption of GCS as ‘voluntary association’, asking what it means for GCS to embody or represent the interests of social groups. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, These insights suggest that prohibition (and its lingering effects) can inhibit the emergence of ethical consumerism. How does extant theory extend to sectors such as sex work, cigarettes, and recreational drugs? The purpose of this paper is to share a reflection on the significance of two social movements involving college students which took place in the city of Córdoba (Argentina) and had great significance for Latin America. Although the impressive diversity of the World Social Forum (WSF) is regularly noted, there has been little analytical work done on the degree to which the praxis of the WSF is enabling communicability across previously unbridged difference and how relations of power, particularly the coloniality of power, shape these interactions. The key insight offered is that a small number of institutions sometimes become dominant in a diverse movement, framing the movement to the public in a particular way, and exercising disproportionate influence within the movement. to this increased corporate participation, and assesses the relevance of the U.S. case for the future prospects of fair trade, Not the Producers of Certified Products, Transnational feminism and the World Social Forum: Encounters and transformations in anti-globalization spaces, The Privatization of Global Environmental Governance: ISO 14000 and the Developing World, Fair Trade: The Challenges of Transforming Globalization, Inequality in the World Polity: The Structure of International Organization, Outsourcing Regulation: Analyzing Nongovernmental Systems of Labor Standards and Monitoring, Legitimacy and the Privatization of Environmental Governance: How Non-State Market-Driven (NSMD) Governance Systems Gain Rule-Making Authority, Transparency and Democracy in Certified Ethical Commodity Networks, The Last Ten Years: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature on the Impact of Fairtrade, Outsourcing Regulations: Evaluating Non-governmental Systems of Labor Standards and Monitoring, Regulation for the rest of us? As Reinicke put it, ‘governing the global economy without governments is not an option. This assists producers in making a shift in the qualitative nature of production, particularly in terms of its impacts on producers and on the environment. political scientists, this approach allowed a correction of a vision of social movements as belonging to a civil society, separated from the political system.Keywords:political science;conflict;democracy;labor movements;movements. BOLI JOHN THOMAS GEORGE M. 2. This article argues that in order to assess the affect of GSMs on global governance, scholars must analyze the representational attributes of individual GSMs. Next, drawing on recent research on policy paradigms and political ideas, it suggests how policy community concepts might be adapted for the study of policy change. This collaborative endeavour proposes to advance a convergence, already underway, across a theoretically and empirically rich existing scholarship, distinguished by a concern for the complexity of global public policy delivery. Using data on memberships in intergovernmental and international non-governmental organizations (IGOs and INGOs) for 1960 through 2000, this study analyzes inequality in the world polity. On the occasion of the International Day for Tolerance on 16 November, the Cultural Pluralism team is pleased to share insights on building resilience against violent extremism and radicalisation from the Horizon2020 research projects GREASE and BRaVE and on dealing with contested heritage from the Heritage Contact Zone project supported by the Creative Europe Programme. Its theoretical roots draw on pragmatic, moral, and cognitive legitimacy granting distinctions made within organizational sociology, while its empirical focus is on the case of sustainable forestry certification, arguably the most advanced case of NSMD governance globally. Developed especially by, This paper explains the difference between Korea's vocal movements and feeble parties versus Taiwan's stable parties and dependent movements from the political dynamics formed under the authoritarian state. to the U.S. context. He has been awarded many fellowships and research grants and has lectured throughout the world; he often appears on radio and television and is a regular contributor to The Times Literary Supplement. 3.Economy in Institutional Context. Scholars have an important role to play in understanding blockages and ways through. FINNEMORE MARTHA Part Three: 7. This article examines the development of and contestation over the standards for certified fair trade, with particular attention A participatory action research team surveyed 177 households selling into conventional and Fair Trade markets in 2006. Yet for global governance to succeed, governments will also have to enlist the active cooperation Although the demands of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation are framed in terms of democratization, we should not assume that these demands can be contained within the individualist parameters of liberal political philosophy. Currently he is writing a full-scale history of democracy. A conflict-centered model of the world polity is developed here that explains world political participation as a function of material and symbolic conflict. based in the literatures on agrifood systems, social movements, and public-choice economics, for understanding the corporate Through its practices, this counterpublic is forging a new paradigm of citizenship. States are sharing powers that defined their sovereignty with corporations, international bodies, and a proliferating universe of citizens groups. In this paper, we systematically translated, coded, and analysed open-ended responses from a global survey of Fairtrade producers to explore how Fairtrade operates as a credential. Amid fears of terrorism, rising tides of xenophobia, and protests, John Keane explores the contradictory arguments and traces the historical origins, contemporary meanings and political potential of globalization.
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