Butane is blended with propane and marketed as LPG, or liquefied petroleum gas, in trade. Butane canisters global market is dominated by South Korean manufacturers. By right-clicking the visualization screen, various other options are available including the visualization of van der Waals surface and exporting to a image file. All compounds occur in both natural gas and crude oil and are produced to produce gasoline in large quantities in petroleum refining. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The contents of this page can freely be shared if cited as follows: [19] "Sudden sniffer's death" syndrome, first described by Bass in 1970,[20] is the most common single cause of solvent related death, resulting in 55% of known fatal cases. Structure. Butane or n-butane is an alkane with the formula C4H10. Butane is a highly flammable, colorless, easily liquefied gas that quickly vaporizes at room temperature. The molecular f… 91227867. Butane has 2 structural formulas which we have written up here on the board. Butanes formed by catalytic cracking and other refinery processes are also recovered by absorption into a light oil. [18] By spraying butane directly into the throat, the jet of fluid can cool rapidly to −20 °C (−4 °F) by expansion, causing prolonged laryngospasm. The information of the atoms, bonds, connectivity and coordinates included in the chemical structure of BUTANE can easily be identified by this visualization. [citation needed] Most commercially available butane also contains a certain amount of contaminant oil which can be removed through filtration but which will otherwise leave a deposit at the point of ignition and may eventually block the uniform flow of gas. Butane is a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Their chemical formula is C 4 H 10. Butane is also called n-butane, or regular butane. Butane is an organic compound with the formula C4H10. The BUTANE molecule shown in the visualization screen can be rotated interactively by keep clicking and moving the mouse button. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Then, try SnaPeaks – simply upload your MS/MS data and SnaPeaks will provide what’s in your natural products. Butane is a saturated hydrocarbon containing 4 carbons, with unbranched structure. The butane is stored under pressure as a liquid. This is primarily used for camping, cooking at the backyard and in cigarette lighters. Images of the chemical structure of BUTANE are given below: The 2D chemical structure image of BUTANE is also called skeletal formula, which is the standard notation for organic molecules. Butane is an alkane with four carbon atoms so molecular formula is C4H10. Butane is a highly flammable, colorless, easily liquefied gas that quickly vaporizes at room temperature. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Black Friday Sale! The name butane comes from the roots but- (from butyric acid, named after the Greek word for butter) and -ane. Used in catalytic dehydrogenation of butane or cracking of feedstocks to n-butenes and higher and lower boiling fractions. Im Winter wird Otto-Kraftstoff (Benzin) mit Isopentan- und Butanzusatz verkauft, da diese Stoffe wegen des tiefen Siedepunktes die Kaltstartfreudigkeit des Otto-Motors bei tiefen Außentemperaturen verbessern (siehe dazu auch Motorenbenzin#Herstellung). Now, the first thing to keep in mind is the molecular formula of butane which is 4 carbon atoms and 10 hydrogen atoms so you’ll notice that both these structural formulas incorporate 4 carbon atoms and 10 hydrogen atoms so right here we have 1-2-3-4 carbon atoms and then 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10; hydrogen atoms and it’s the same case over here. Butane, one of two colourless, odourless, gaseous hydrocarbons (carbon and hydrogen compounds), that are part of the paraffinic hydrocarbon group. Butane is primarily used as a gasoline mixture, either alone or in a propane mixture, and as a feedstock for ethylene and butadiene production, Butane like propane comes from natural gas or petroleum refineries and the two gases are usually found together. Butane is denser than air. It was found dissolved in crude petroleum in 1864 by Edmund Ronalds, who was the first to describe its properties. [citation needed], Inhalation of butane can cause euphoria, drowsiness, unconsciousness, asphyxia, cardiac arrhythmia, fluctuations in blood pressure and temporary memory loss, when abused directly from a highly pressurized container, and can result in death from asphyxiation and ventricular fibrillation. The formula is CH 3 CH 2 CH=CH 2. The 3D chemical structure image of BUTANE is based on the ball-and-stick model which displays both the three-dimensional position of the atoms and the bonds between them. Butene has a variety of uses, from the fuel in your car to the grocery bags you carry home! Isobutane is primarily used by refineries to enhance (increase) the octane number of motor gasoline. 2-Methyl (113C)butane. Butane (/ˈbjuːteɪn/) or n-butane is an alkane with the formula C4H10. Both compounds occur in natural gas and in crude oil and are formed in large quantities in the refining of petroleum to produce gasoline. This has a job as a food-propellant and a coolant. Need to identify active compounds in your natural products? The BUTANE molecule contains a total of 13 bond(s) There are 3 non-H bond(s) and 1 rotatable bond(s). Your email address will not be published. by Mometrix Test Preparation | Last Updated: June 23, 2020. Two Structural Formulas for Butane. It is used as a petrol component, as a feedstock for the production of base petrochemicals in steam cracking, as fuel for cigarette lighters and as a propellant in aerosol sprays such as deodorants.[14]. Butane werden in der chemischen Industrie zur Darstellung von C4-Alkenen wie 1,3-Butadien, 1-Buten, 2-Buten und Isobuten sowie für Synthesen höherer Kohlenwasserstoffe (für „Alkylatbenzin“), Thiophen sowie von Oxidationsprodukten wie tert-Butylhydroperoxid eingesetzt.

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