Its average annual production of maize is 20 million metric tons. The distribution of maize in the world is shown in Figure 5.3. Abstract and Figures Maize (Zea mays ssp. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 40:677–697, Greedy J, Hurn S (1999) Distributional preferences and the extended gini measure of inequality. Ecol Monogr 27:325–349, Brush SB (2000) Genes in the field: on-farm conservation of crop diversity. The Corn Belt includes the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Minnesota. The various hypotheses regarding the origin and variability of maize according to Alexander Grobman. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, Mexico City, Kraft KH, Brown CH, Nabhan GP, Luedeling E, Luna Ruíz J, Coppens d’Eeckenbrugge G, Hijmans RJ, Gepts P (2014) Multiple lines of evidence for the origin of domesticated chili pepper, Capsicum annuum, in Mexico. PubMed Central  Maize originated in the Americas, having been first developed by Indians in the highlands of Mexico. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Privacy Policy 8. Maize (/ m eɪ z / MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. Brazil: Brazil is the third largest corn-producing country in the world. Agric Ecosyst Environ 179:25–34, van Etten J, Hijmans RJ (2010) A geospatial modelling approach integrating archaeobotany and genetics to trace the origin and dispersal of domesticated plants. The first author thanks University of California Institute for Mexico and the United States (UC MEXUS) and National Council for Science and Technology of Mexico (CONACYT) for Ph.D. fellowship and a dissertation grant, and Research Center on Environmental Geography at National Autonomous University of Mexico (CIGA-UNAM) for a postdoctoral fellowship. Here we describe and analyze the geographic distribution and diversity of maize using a database of 18,176 georeferenced observations of maize races. The higher summer temperatures of over 23°C and the rainy summer are ideal. In: Esteva G, Marielle C (eds) Sin maíz no hay pais. The domesticated crop originated in the Americas and is one of the most widely distributed of the world’s food crops. Wiley, New York, Reif J, Warburton M, Xia X, Hoisington D, Crossa J, Taba S, Muminović J, Bohn M et al (2006) Grouping of accessions of Mexican races of maize revisited with SSR markers. Acessed 6 Feb 2014, Ortega-Paczka R (1973) Variación en maíz y cambios socioeconómicos en Chiapas México 1946–1971. Corn is produced almost in all parts of China. Website http://www.biodiversidad.gob.mx/genes/proyectoMaices.html. Maize , also known as corn (American English), is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago. Fitotec Latinoamer 8:46–51, Hernández E, Alanis F (1970) Estudio morfológico de cinco nuevas razas de maíz de la Sierra Madre Occidental de México: implicaciones filogenéticos y fitogeográficas. Table 5.3 Major maize-producing countries of the world: Apart from above mentioned major maize-producing countries, the other important countries are: Ukraine, Philippines, Nigeria, Egypt, Vietnam, Serbia, Hungary, Russia, Romania, Thailand, Ethiopia, Turkey, Poland, Zimbabwe, etc. Orozco-Ramírez, Q., Perales, H. & Hijmans, R.J. Geographical distribution and diversity of maize (Zea mays L. subsp. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108:1088–1092, Article  This species probably originated in a wild state in the tropical South America. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, International Development Research Centre, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Brush SB (2004) Farmers’ bounty: locating crop diversity in the contemporary world. Image Guidelines 5. J Biogeogr 27:131–139, Zimmerer K, Douches D (1991) Geographical approaches to crop conservation: the partitioning of genetic diversity in Andean potatoes. Corn, (Zea mays), also called Indian corn or maize, cereal plant of the grass family (Poaceae) and its edible grain. Authors acknowledge the Nacional Commission for Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO, Mexico) for making their maize database available and Dr. Stephen Brush for very valuable advice. In: Syne H (ed) The biological aspects of rare plant conservation. PubMed Central  Races of maize in Mexico, their origin, characteristics and distribution / [by] E.J. Content Guidelines 2. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Hernández E (1972) Exploración etnobotánica en maíz. Libro técnico No. Appleton & Co., New York, Doebley JF, Goodman M, Stuber CW (1985) Isozyme variation in the races of maize from Mexico. This book examines one of the thorniest problems of ancient American archaeol- ogy: the origins and domestication of maize. Conserv Biol 9:1189–1198, Conabio (2013) Base maízces nativos [online]. Its average annual production of maize is 55 million metric tons. Content Filtrations 6. Computer program and documentation distributed by the author. Genet Resour Crop Evol 64, 855–865 (2017). Computer program and documentation distributed by the author. PubMed Google Scholar. Theor Appl Genet 113:177–185, Ruiz Corral JA, Duran Puga N, Sanchez Gonzalez J, Parra J, González Eguiarte D, Holland J, Medina García G (2008) Climatic adaptation and ecological descriptors of 42 Mexican maize races. The other leading countries in maize production are Mexico, France, South Africa, Canada, Italy, Indonesia, Ukraine, Philippines, Nigeria, Egypt, Vietnam, Serbia, Hungary, Russia, Turkey, etc. The other leading countries in maize production are Mexico, France, South Africa, Canada, Italy, Indonesia, Ukraine, Philippines, Nigeria, Egypt, Vietnam, Serbia, Hungary, Russia, Turkey, etc. Genet Res Crop Evol 55:303–317, van Heerwaarden J, Doebley J, Briggs WH, Glaubitz JC, Goodman MM, JdeJ Sanchez Gonzalez, Ross-Ibarra J (2011) Genetic signals of origin, spread, and introgression in a large sample of maize landraces. Despite the high sample size, further sampling could improve estimates of race diversity in several regions. mays) races in Mexico. An account is given of the antiquity of maize in Mexico and the characters used in classifying maize types, together with detailed descriptions of the races of maize so far found. http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan/. Masters thesis, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillos, Estado de Mexico, Mexico, Ortega-Paczka R (2003) La diversidad del maíz en México. USA, China and Brazil are the leading maize-producing countries in the world. The major producing areas are Hopei, Yuman and Kirin. In Andes its … USA produces about 43 per cent of the global total maize production. Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes/Dirección General de Culturas Populares, Mexico City, pp 123–154, Perales H, Golicher D (2014) Mapping maize diversity in Mexico. Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental, UNAM, Antigua Carretera a Pátzcuaro No. Corn is used as livestock feed, as … Accesed 10 Jun 2013, De Candolle A (1892) Origin of cultivated plants. Maize is widely grown in UP, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, etc. mays) in communities of the western highlands of Guatemala: geographical patterns and processes. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Anderson E, Cutler H (1942) Races of Zea mays: I. Article  Plagiarism Prevention 4. Cobs from the Tehuac á n Valley, Mexico, showing the full evolutive sequence of domestication from c. 5000 BC (the small cob, on the left) to AD 1500 (the largest cob, on the right).

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