And from the earth spray the weak herb that bears her name. Other references not currently quoted here: Argonautica Orphica 1192, Lydus De Mens 90 & &198 & 284 & 286, Scholiast on Hesiod's Theogony 913, Scholiast on Sophocles Oedipus at Colonus 1590, Orphica Argonautica 1192, Scholiast on Theocritus 2.12 & 3.48 & 15.14, Hesychius 'Zagreus', Tzetzes on Lycophron 708 & 1176, Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius 3.467, Servius on Aeneid 4.609, Scoliast on Euripides Orestes 952, Arrian Exped. He learnt the details of the day when her only child was new born, and the exact time and veritable course of the season which gave her birth; then he bent the turning fingers of his hands and measured the moving circle of the ever-recurring number counting from hand to hand in double exchange [reckoning the number of days in the years of her life on his fingers]. On earth, Demeter was absolutely miserable. to C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 5. Proserpina lived a peaceful life before she became the goddess of the Underworld, which did not occur until Pluto abducted her and brought her to the Underworld by his infamous kidnapping of her. Goddess and personification of poisonous gases and volcanic vapours. Aidoneus yielded to his prayers, Theseus was set free, and returned to Athens, where his friends were not yet altogether overwhelmed. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Hades agreed, then Zeus, then Proserpina, and eventually Demeter. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 10. 4; Arrian. And men called them comets. Then Deo lost the brightness of her rosy face, her swelling heart was lashed by sorrows. Miller) (Roman tragedy C1st A.D.) : Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 25 (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Suidas s.v. 609.) Of all these injunctions I urge you particularly to observe this: do not seek to open or to pry into the box that you will carry, nor be in any way inquisitive about the treasure of divine beauty hidden within it.’ . Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) . It laid hold of her, so that she fell prostrate on the path where she had stood. They also possess different specialties and have traditionally appealed to different devotees: • Persephone is intensely associated with Mystery traditions, especially those involving death and resurrection. Now by these regions filled with fear, by this huge Chaos, these vast silent realms, reweave, I implore, the fate unwound too fast of my Eurydice. ad Theocrit. Strega Italian liquore and cookies shaped like fish, keys, and moons as well as tools of divination and spellcraft. As Proserpina, she is more disciplined, warlike, and militaristic. ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. Shorey) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) p. 118. ed. . Herakles came to the country of the Molossians and rescued Theseus, in return for which the latter set up an altar to him. 1 (trans. The track climbed upwards, steep and indistinct, through the hushed silence and the murky gloom; and now they neared the edge of the bright world, and, fearing lest she faint, longing to look, he turned his eyes--and straight she slipped away. v. 3, &c.; comp. Then Deo [Demeter] lost the brightness of her rosy face, her swelling heart was lashed by sorrows . Proserpina is an ancient Roman goddess whose story is the basis of a myth of Springtime. "King Zeus' own sister [Demeter] and his daughter [Persephone] are happy, both, and dear to the blessed gods.". Now while Herakles was the guest of Aidoneus the Molossian, the king incidentally spoke of the adventure of Theseus and Peirithoos, telling what they had come there to do, and what they had suffered when they were found out. 15 ; Orph. in Cer. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4. As for Peirithoos, he thought it useless to complain, but he begged for the release of Theseus, and demanded that this favour be granted him. Oldfather) (Greek historian C1st B.C.) "Thrice begotten (trigonon), Bakkheion (Bacchian) king [Dionysos] . de Nat. Hence Plutarch identifies her with spring, and Cicero De Nat. Until this identification, Ceres and Proserpina were not venerated together. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Plato, Republic 391c-d (trans. 12.) 485 (trans. Eventually she ate six pomegranate seeds, and thus her fate was sealed. . Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. Then she left her rounded chariot for the Nymphai to watch, in their lonely home among the rocks, and cut the air with her feet. de Nat. . Thus Persephone gazed in the selfgraved portrait of her face, and beheld the self-impressed aspect of a false Persephoneia.

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